Biological control based Community Integrated Pest Management of Rice Insect Pests
Donors / Sponsors:
UNDP – GEF
Geographical Coverage :
District Badin (Sindh)
Key Objectives :
Gradual and sustainable reduction in the use of POPs-containing chemical pesticides in the paddy based agro-ecological system.
Capacity building and awareness raising of the farming communities in Integrated Pest Management of rice pests.
Issues related to GEF:
Land degradation due to un-sustainable rice pest management practices
Prevalent pest problems such as stem borers, plant hoppers, defoliators, weeds, etc.
Indiscriminate use of hazardous insecticides including Padan, Mono, Cyper, Limda, Rifit, Amicon, Amida, Thiodan, Karate, Confidor, Actara and Regent which are equally hazardous to human and land ecosystem of the project area
Increasing cost of production for rice growers
Increasing resistance in pests due to indiscriminate use of insecticides and emergence of secondary pest problems
Lack of scientific farm management skills and knowledge among the paddy growers.
Social mobilization and orientation of the local farming communities for integrated crop management of rice from preparation of land to harvesting of the crop.
Establishment of IPM Resource Center in the project area for execution of field based operations and mass rearing of natural enemies.
Survey of the target area to determine initial situation and collect baseline information for various rice insect pests and diseases.
Selection of rice growers according to the set criteria with the purpose of introducing biological based IPM approach to compare with traditional farms where the growers often resort to indiscriminate and excessive use of chemical sprays.
On-farm training and education of the rice growers to demonstrate impact of chemical insecticides, fertilizers, water logging and salinity on the land and insect population.
Application of various IPM measures such as:
Farmer Field Schools (FFS) for the paddy growers to build their capacity that:
Arranging exposure visits of traditional farmers in other areas of the country where rice IPM is being implemented.
Identifying, establishing and supporting the local market channels to promote the IPM products and services.
Collaborating and networking with like-minded organizations such as International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) to replicate and adopt their Best Management Practices (BMPs) for sustainable rice production system.
Reporting and documentation of the findings and publication of IPM Training Manuals for the paddy growers.
Media projection and visibility of the project for secondary adopters
Sustainable and timely management of prevalent rice pest problems such as stem borers, leaf hoppers, leaf rollers and defoliators in the target farms.
Gradual reduction in the number of insecticide sprays from (5 to zero) per season in the target area.
Insecticide resistance gradually decreased among the pests
IPM Training Modules to guide the farming communities have prepared for multiplication of the conservation approach.
Communities were mobilized and their capacity built in Rice IPM approach keeping in view the sustainable land management and land degradation mitigation practices.
Mobilization of local resources for farm management has been carried out by strengthening collectivism among the growers in an effective way.
Growers of the target area were learned and practiced about different techniques of water harvesting in the context of efficient farm management.
Conservation of natural water resources by promotion of water harvesting techniques.
Results and Impacts :
Community was introduced with SLM practices to combat desertification and enhance crop productivity.
Reduction in cost of production from Rs.27,664 to about Rs. 20,000 per hectare in two year period.
Environment friendly techniques for effective IPM were available.
Awareness about the pests and their management carried out.
The capacity and skills of the farming communities were developed with availability of IPM training modules, brochures and extension material.
Promoting ecological conservation through participatory development by the active involvement of community at grassroots level.