Biological control based Community Integrated Pest Management with major emphasis on fruit orchards
Geographical Coverage :
District Pishin, Balochistan
Donor / Sponsor :
UNDP – GEF/SGP
Project Objectives :
- Biological control based Integrated Pest Management (IPM) of fruit pests with major emphasis initially on 15 fruit orchards keeping in view the water efficiency practices.
- Conservation of agro-biodiversity with gradual and sustainable reduction in the use of POPs-containing chemical pesticides in agro-ecological system
- Capacity building of growers and mass awareness among them to promote commercialization of biological products leading towards program approach in two years period.
- Mass awareness of the public and local school kids at large about safe use of pesticides so that sanitation could be improved and pollution is managed.
Activities to be carried out :
- Social mobilization and orientation of the local farming communities for integrated crop management practices of fruits from preparation of land to harvesting of the crop
- Survey of the target area to determine incidence of various pests’ infestation level.
- Comparison of production from orchards where IPM techniques would be implemented and those without any IPM activity.
- On-farm training and education of the growers to demonstrate impact of chemical fertilizers, insecticides, water logging & salinity on the land and insect population.
- Mass awareness raising about safe and efficient use of chemical pesticides among the public and school kids at large.
- Application of various IPM measures such as:
- Biological releases
- Cultural practices / organic manuring
- Soil management
- Suitable intercropping
- Irrigation management
- Weed management
- Mechanical control
- Use of pheromones and light traps
- Promotion of insect resistant indigenous varieties.
- Farmer Field Schools (FFS) for the fruit growers to build their capacity that
- How to grow the healthy fruits and what needs to be done to prevent pests and diseases from becoming a problem
- The various management options that can be used to keep pests from causing economic losses like reduction in number of sprays.
- Strategies for empowering farmers with the knowledge and information they need to become IPM experts.
- To build their capacity in preparation and commercialization of biological products including bio-pesticides.
- Demonstration of on-farm techniques for efficient use of irrigation water in the fruit orchards.
- Arranging exposure visits of traditional farmers in other areas of the country where IPM is being practiced as a component part of sustainable horticulture
- Identification of local market channels to promote sale of biological products including natural enemies, bio-pesticides, pheromones, insect traps and organic manures.
- Reporting and documentation of the findings and publication of IPM Training Manuals
- Media projection and visibility of the project for secondary adopters
The Issues in the Project Area:
- Loss to agro-biodiversity due to un-sustainable orchard pest management practices
- Prevalent pest problems such as mites, codling moth, San Jose scale, powdery mildew of fruit orchards (Apple, Grapes and Apricot)
- Indiscriminate use of pesticides which are equally hazardous to human and climate of the project area
- Increasing cost of production for fruit growers
- Increasing resistance in pests due to indiscriminate use of insecticides and emergence of secondary pest problems
- Lack of scientific farm management skills and knowledge among the orchard growers.
- Income and quality of life of inhabitants of district Pishin is very poor
- Lack of skill in crop protection, picking , packing, grading ,transportation and marketing of fruits
Project Stakeholders and Beneficiaries:
Fruit (Apple, Grapes and Apricot) growing community of Union Council Malikyar and Khanozai of District Pishin would directly benefit from the proposed project that would be contributing in kind at various levels of project implementation. In addition to this, the local Agriculture Extension Department (AED) and local Community based Organizations (CBOs) working for promotion of similar activities with focus on conservation of agro-biodiversity would benefit through establishment of linkages with the project.
Anticipated Output of Project:
- Sustainable and timely control of prevalent pest problems such as mites, codling moth, San Jose scale, leaf rollers, trunk borers and scab of fruit in the target orchards.
- Gradual reduction in the number of insecticide sprays from 6-0 per season in the target area.
- Insecticide resistance will gradually decrease among the pests.
- IPM Training Modules to guide the farming communities would be available for multiplication of biological approach.
- Community will be mobilized and their capacity will be built in IPM approach keeping in view the agro-biodiversity and changing climate conditions.
- Mobilization of local resources for orchard management would be done by strengthening collectivism among the growers in an effective way.
- Healthy production free of chemical threats will be obtained.
- Overall increase in health of humans and animals will be observed due to decrease in POPs and other chemicals injurious to health.
- Growers of the target area would learn and practice different techniques of water efficiency in the context of efficient orchard pest management.
- Conservation of natural water resources by promotion of water harvesting techniques.